What is a robots.txt file?
Robots.txt is a text file that specifies which parts of a website search engine robots are not allowed to explore. It contains a list of URLs that the webmaster does not want Google or any other search engine to index, as well as blocking them from viewing and monitoring the sites. It is easy to Create robots file
When a bot discovers a website on the Internet, it checks the robots.txt file to see what it is permitted to investigate and what it must ignore throughout the crawl.
What is robots.txt in SEO
These tags are required by Google bots when they are looking for a new page. They’re required because:
- They assist optimise the crawl budget by ensuring that the spider only visits the pages that are actually relevant, allowing it to make better use of its time crawling a website. A “thank you page” is an example of a page you don’t want Google to locate.
- By pointing out the pages, the Robots.txt file is an effective approach to force page indexation.
- Crawler access to certain sections of your site is controlled using robots.txt files.
- Because you may build different robots.txt files for each root domain, they can protect entire portions of a website. The payment details page, of course, is an excellent example.
- Internal search results pages can also be blocked from displaying in the SERPs.
- Files that aren’t meant to be indexed, such as PDFs or specific pictures, can be hidden using Robots.txt.
With a robots.txt file, you can manage which files crawlers may access on your site. At the base of your website, you’ll find a robots.txt file. The robots.txt file for www.example.com
is located at www.example.com/robots.txt.
1 or more rules makes a robots.txt file. Each rule restricts or permits access to a certain file path on that website for a specific crawler. All files are implicitly permitted for crawling unless you indicate differently in your robots.txt file.
A basic robots.txt file with two rules may be found here:
The following is the meaning of the robots.txt file:
- Any URL that begins with http://example.com/nogooglebot/
is not permitted to be crawled by the Googlebot user agent.
- All other user agents have full access to the site. This might have been left out and the outcome would have been the same; user agents are permitted to crawl the entire site by default.
- http://www.example.com/sitemap.xml is the location of the sitemap file.
More examples may be found in the syntax section.
The following are some basic principles for generating a robots.txt file.
There are four steps to creating a robots.txt file which as follows:
- Make a file with the name robots.txt.
- To the robots.txt file, add rules.
- The robots.txt file should be uploaded to your website.
- Check the robots.txt file for errors.
How do I upload a robots.txt file to the Google Search Console?
Select Crawl in Search Console, then robots.txt on the left navigation bar.
You may now view your robots.txt file in the tester and make any necessary changes.
When you’ve finished editing your robots.txt and it looks the way you want it to, click Submit.
Save the code and upload the modified robots.txt to the root domain of your website.
Return to Google Search Console and select View uploaded once you’ve published the revised version to your website to ensure that the right version is live.
To notify Google that your robots.txt has been changed, click Submit.